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‘FLUORIDE EMISSIONS MT. ETNA’
WHITE ISLAND – NEW ZEALAND
Bay of Plenty. Erupted on 9 Dec. 2019.
There were 47 people on
the island at the time.
Twenty one people were killed,
including two who are missing and
declared dead, and a further
twenty-six people suffered injuries,
many of whom suffered severe burns.
The ongoing seismic and volcanic activity
in the area as well as heavy rainfall, low
visibility and toxic gases hampered
recovery efforts over the week
following the incident.
White Island New Zealand – Dec. 2019
Extract from ‘Geology & Hazards’ –
… Gases are continually emitted from the craters and fumaroles on White Island, at rates of several hundred to several thousand tonnes per day. These gases are mostly steam, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide, with small quantities of halogen gases (chlorine and fluorine).
The acid gases combine with water in the steam/gas clouds to form liquid acid droplets which sting the eyes and skin, and affect breathing. They also severely damage cameras, electronic equipment and clothing. Visitors to White Island should avoid steam/gas clouds, and watch for wind changes that could blow clouds in their direction.
Gas masks with acid gas filters are advisable … MORE
Full text ⇒ HERE
“… I am interested that reporters are not discussing Hydrogen Fluoride gas
emissions from this volcano.
It is known to emit 1500 to 2000 kilogram of
HF gas each day, when it is in its
‘quiet’ mode. Hydrogen fluoride
inhalation has caused death in
numerous industrial accidents usually
within 24 hours and burns to the skin
from this gas have claimed victims
some days later. “
Dr. Geoff Pain ⇒ HERE
We describe for the first time the features
of endemic fluorosis in the Herculaneum
victims of the 79 AD eruption, resulting
from long-term exposure to high
levels of environmental fluoride
which still occur today.
There are about 1,500 active volcanoes all over the world, in addition to the presence of many volcanoes in the bottoms of the different oceans, the world witnessed the eruption of the 500 volcano of them throughout history, located many of these volcanoes on the Pacific Rim region, which dubbed the “Ring of Fire”.
” Volcanic eruptions may also affect the climate, especially if there are
many large-scale eruptions over
a short space of time which
add volcanic dust and fluorides
to the atmosphere.”
Korea experienced a massive chemical dispersion disaster on 27th September 2012, which occurred at the Gumi National Industrial complex in the southern city of Korea. About 8 tons of hydrogen fluoride gas leaked as the valve of tank lorry was opened due to a operators mistake, resulting in 5 casualties and about 3,600 medical treatment, causing 17.7 billion KRW of damage to enterprises, and spoiling the crops on 323.8ha of land.
…Meanwhile, the clean-up near Gumi continues.
On 13 December, the government began burning about 9,100 tonnes of crops and trees killed by the gas, leaving the scene of the accident even
more barren than before…
FLUORIDE EMISSIONS MT. ETNA
“…The imprint of plume-released fluorine on
rainwater chemistry and on water extractable
fluorine in soils is clearly detectable up distances
of more than 20 km from the summit craters in
the downwind direction…”
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