We thank The Queensland Government for this research.

[ The Department of Environment And Science. ]

You WILL need to scroll down the first page to find the text!

  ‘Management of Firefighting Foam Policy’ 

Comprehensive and very interesting.
(Publication reprint.002)
See Extract below 

Environmental Management (Queensland Government)

‘Management of Fire Fighting Foam Policy’

– Revision 2

     …Many pollutants released into the environment can be expected to naturally degrade over time or to become immobilised, for example, by adsorption to sediments, microbial degradation, oxidation, reduction, hydrolysis, UV photo-degradation, hydroxyl attack in the atmosphere, etc.
However, Persistent Fluorinated organic Compounds (PFCs) do not naturally diminish in this way as expected for other compounds due to their extreme persistence.
Their characteristics also include chemical stability, high solubility, high mobility, high acid strength (low pKa), dispersible volatile precursors or transformation products in air (such as FTOHs or short-chain perfluoroalkyl derivatives from landfill or WWTP emissions).
This applies for PFCs in surface water, groundwater and in soil. PFCs do bind to an extent to organic matter in soil but there is potential for re-release as some or all of that organic matter decays given the persistence of PFCs…

Our comment:French Barracuda-class submarine

[ Shortfin variant ]


Notice all the ‘fluorides’

Solberg, is a leading global manufacturer of
Fluoride Free Fire Fighting Foam.

“AFFF Fire Performance” – Without Fluorosurfactant  ⇓


30+Aust. Defence Bases Contaminated With Fluoride Chemical (PFOA)

[…One of 3M’s own material data safety sheets for a PFAS
chemical included a warning that it could cause cancer. (1997)
It was subsequently removed – according to the Minnesota case…]  

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